For Romania’s modern history, the Revolution of 1821 was not only a landmark event, but also a founding one. The demands made, or points that could be assimilated to the revolutionary program, aimed, on the one hand, at transforming the social structures that were in full crisis during the “Fanariot regime” and, on the other hand, at establishing a new state that would declare itself autonomous both from the Ottoman Porte’s suzerainty and from Russia’s tendency to set itself up as a “protective” power. Through its deep-rooted implications and “teachings,” the revolutionary action led by Tudor Vladimirescu moved the Romanian national cause to the level of a political statement. This gesture gave legitimacy to the revolutionary action and its leader, through the People’s Assembly.
The investigation of documentary collections and the extension of research according to a “historiographical canon” were continued by identifying the specific features of a “revolutionary typology.” In this respect, we paid particular attention to aspects such as the highlighting of the causes and objectives of the revolutionary action, the participating social and political forces, the role of the leader, his relations with the Greek Eteria, the positions taken by the European powers regarding the “subversive movement,” the armed intervention of the Ottomans and the tragic end of Tudor Vladimirescu, as well as the end of the “Fanariot regime.” With regard to the above-mentioned aspects, considered separately or as a whole, scholarly research never ceases to offer new perspectives on the event chronicle and the range of interpretations that have given rise to real historiographical debates. My research has sought to shed more light on these aspects from the complex perspective of the political and diplomatic implications of the Romanian revolutionary movement of 1821 at European level and the restoration of autochthonous rulership in Moldavia and Wallachia.
revolution, Oriental issue, Romanian cause, Greek cause, European concert.