Italy and Romania, former allies of Austria-Hungary and Germany, refrained from engaging in the First World War. Both countries adopted a position of neutrality, concluding a convention stipulating that neither of them would enter the war without announcing the other partner. Nevertheless, Italy signed the Treaty of London (1915) with the Entente Powers and took up arms without letting the Romanian government know. Similitudes in the international conduct of the two countries were followed by the pursuit of specific national interests and by a different status at the negotiations. At the Peace Conference (1919–1920), both countries did well, the difference of position between Romania and Italy notwithstanding.
war; neutrality; treaty; negotiations; claims;